Gregorian




Indian National Calendar




Indian National Calendar

The Indian national calendar, sometimes called the Saka calendar, is the official civil calendar in use in India. It is used, alongside the Gregorian calendar, by The Gazette of India, in news broadcasts by All India Radio and in calendars and communications issued by the Government of India. The Saka calendar is also used in Java and Bali among Indonesian Hindus. Nyepi, the "Day of Silence", is a celebration of the Saka new year in Bali.

Gregorian

The Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar. A regular Gregorian year consists of 365 days and in a leap year, an intercalary or leap day is added as 29 February making the year 366 days. Normally a leap year occurs every 4 years, but the Gregorian calendar omits 3 leap days every 400 years, unlike the Julian calendar, which retains those leap days.

The Scientific basis of National Calender
Position of Sun
National Day Position of the Sun Day Remarks
1st ChaitraVernal Equinox22nd MarchDay & Night are equal
1st AshadhSummer Solstice22nd JuneDakshinayan starts
1st AshwinAutumnal Equinox23rd Sept.Day & Night are equal
1st PaushWinter Solstice22nd DecUttarayan starts
Arrangement of the months
S.N National Month Gregorian Date Number of Day
1Saur Chaitra21st/22nd March30/31
2Saur Vaisakha21st April31
3Saur Jyaistha22 May31
4Saur Asadha22nd June31
5Saur Sravana23rd July31
6Saur Bhadrapad (Bhadra)23rd August31
7Saur Asvina23rd Sept.30
8Saur Kartika23rd Oct.30
9Saur Agrahayan22nd Nov.30
10Saur Pausa22nd Dec30
11Saur Magha21st Jan30
12Saur Phalguna20th Feb30

Akashmitra Mandal

Akash Mitra is an amateur Astronomers' Organization. Its objective is to popularize astronomy and induce students, enthusiasts to make useful contributions in the field of astronomical research. It also aims to carry systematic study of the subject. It was the first organization in India to organize the amateur astronomers' Meet in India. Since it's establishment in August 1986, many seminars, workshops, Basic Astronomy Courses, Sky Watching Programmes were conducted by the organization. It has also enhanced the astronomical literature in India by publishing the "Directory of Persons Associated with Astronomy in India"

The important milestones in the brief tenure of Akash Mitra are marked by some major contributions to the society in the field of astronomy in general and information dissemination in particular. Apart from the publication of Directory of Persons Associated with Astronomy in India, Akash Mitra successfully measured the latitude of Kalyan city. The opening of the Astronomy Reference Library was first of its kind not only in the city, but also in its vicinity.

Contact us :

inc@akashmitra.org

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